How to Tenderize Chicken
When cooked well, chicken can turn a drab meal into a truly memorable dish. One of the best ways to ensure the bird cooks evenly is to tenderize the meat beforehand. This thins the chicken out and prepares it for the stovetop.
Using a Meat Tenderizer Tool
Obtain a meat tenderizing tool.These are generally wooden or metal mallets with a bumpy head that are used to pound meat to make it more tender. You can buy a meat tenderizing tool from any kitchen supply store. If you don't have a tenderizer, you can use a clean hammer in its place, though this will be less effective than a tenderizing tool since it has a smooth head.
Use it on boneless cuts of chicken.Boneless chicken breasts or thighs can be processed with a meat tenderizing tool. Don't attempt to tenderize bone-in cuts of meat, since you'll shatter the bones. If you have a bone-in cut of meat you want to tenderize in this manner, remove the meat from the bone first.
Cover the meat with a piece of plastic wrap.This will prevent small pieces of meat from scattering over your countertop when you pound it.
Pound the meat.Use the meat tenderizing tool to pound the meat evenly over the entire surface. Keep going back and forth over the meat until it's as thin as you want it to be for the recipe you're using. This is a great method to use before cooking meat using a fast method, such as grilling or frying. Pounding both breaks down fibers in the meat and allows for very fast cooking.
Using a Marinade
Use a plain yogurt or buttermilk marinade.Yogurt and buttermilk contain enzymes and acids that work together to break down the proteins in chicken meat, causing it to become more tender. That's why so many cooks know that soaking chicken in yogurt or buttermilk overnight before frying chicken results in the very best fried chicken imaginable. The same trick can be used to prepare any type of chicken for any cooking process.
- If you want to use yogurt, generally use a plain yogurt. Flavors such as vanilla yogurt may come out unpalatable.
- Some flavored yogurt, such as lemon, lime, coconut, or other fruit flavors that work well with chicken can yield wonderful results.
- Full fat or low-fat yogurt both work fine. The chicken will have a slight yogurt flavor, which pairs well with peppers and other spices.
- Buttermilk is a little milder and will not affect the flavor of the chicken. If you do not have buttermilk on hand, you can make it. Simply add 1 tablespoon (30 mL) of white vinegar to a cup-sized measuring cup. Fill up the rest of the cup with whole or low-fat milk. Let the mixture sit for 5 to 10 minutes, until it curdles. You can use this in place of buttermilk.
Marinate the meat for an hour or more.Overnight is best, but marinating the chicken in buttermilk or yogurt for just an hour or so will make a big difference in the texture of the meat. To marinate it, simply place the meat in a container and pour enough plain yogurt or buttermilk to cover it. Close the container and let it sit in the refrigerator until you're ready to use it.
- You can season the marinade with spices and salt to brine the chicken while it's marinating.
- After the chicken is done marinating, shake or rinse off the excess buttermilk or yogurt before using it in your recipe.
Experiment with other types of marinades.They will tenderize differently. There are hundreds, maybe thousands, of marinades and brines to choose from, both homemade and commercial. But realize that not all marinades will tenderize equally. Some will yield a firmer chicken, and not actually tenderize.
- Using a very acidic marinade, like one with vinegar or lemon juice, may slightly toughen the meat. Acid-based marinades infuse the meat with great flavor, but you may have to get very aggressive with mechanical tenderizing.This works best when you're making a curry. You cannot really detect the fruit in the finished curries, but you may be able to in dishes without a strong-tasting sauce.
- For a mushy chicken, use an enzyme-based marinades that contain pineapple or meat tenderizer. These may do the job a little too well, causing chicken meat to become "mushy". Of course, this may be the desired outcome, and this may be fine for dishes that call for very soft chicken.
- Alternatively, use a fruit marinade. If you want the chicken to be as tender as possible, and don't mind if it gets a little mushy, you can take advantage of the enzymes naturally found in certain fruits. Peel and puree a Kiwi fruit, pineapple, or mango and mix with your raw chicken pieces. Keep it covered in the refrigerator for about an hour.
- Try soda as a marinade. An easily available and surprisingly good marinade is a soft drink. The highly acidic properties of pop chemically break down the chicken, and the flavor is delicious. Simply cover your chicken with your choice of soda, and add about a teaspoon of salt. If you do not have quite enough soft drink, add some water to the mixture
- Cola flavors tend to work well: Coca Cola, Pepsi, RC, etc.
- Lemon-Lime flavors also work well: Sprite, Mountain Dew, 7 Up, Sierra Mist, etc.
- Moxie (an uncommon American soda brand) also works very well.
Cooking The Chicken
Pick your cooking method.There are many ways to cook chicken, but here are a few examples:
- Blackening the chicken: Take a pan, put 1 tbsp (30 mL) oil (olive oil adds extra flavor!!) and heat up the oil. Meanwhile, season the chicken using whatever spices you like. Cover the chicken with the spices, and then place in the pan. Cook until no longer pink on the inside.
- Oven-baking the chicken: Season chicken and place in a greased baking pan. Bake 30-40 minutes, or until no longer pink.
- Grilling the chicken: Transfer the tenderized,seasoned chicken to the grill and cook until done.
- Stewing the chicken: In a proper stew, it is virtually impossible to produce tough chicken. This is one of the many reasons chicken stews of various types are found throughout the world. This can use both plain or marinated cuts of chicken.
Do not overcook the bird.Overcooking can lead to loss of moisture and proteins tightening up into bubblegum consistency. Experience will help you judge when chicken is done, but even professional cooks will still test with a thermometer to be certain. Test the temperature of the bird using a meat thermometer to determine whether it has reached the correct internal temperature. For most cuts of chicken, this will be 165 °F (74 °C).
- Use a probe thermometer when cooking a whole bird, plunged into the deepest part of the breast. Use an instant read for smaller cuts like breasts and thighs.
Try a "low and slow" cooking method.Though seemingly contradictory to the "do not overcook" warning, low, slow cooking breaks down proteins, allowing for a more tender experience. This type of cooking also allows time for flavors and juices to penetrate into the meat, giving even more juiciness. It works best with bone-in thighs and other dark meat, or you could roast an entire chicken this way.
Allow the meat to rest after cooking.Cover it with heavy-duty aluminum foil and let sit for 5 to 10 minutes. This allows the juices to redistribute in the meat. If you cut it right away, the juices are more likely to drain out immediately instead of reabsorbing into the meat. This is especially important for whole roasted chicken or roasted chicken parts.
- While this advice is absolutely true, be assured that carving right away will also not take your succulent chicken into a dry mess of a meal.
- It also makes sense to wait until the chicken is cool enough to handle, anyway. A chicken just out of the oven is too hot to cut into without risking burns. Chicken that hot will also burn when bitten into.
Selecting and Cooking the Tenderest Chicken
Know your source.It is difficult to judge the quality of chicken just by looking at the meat, so the best thing to do is buy your chicken from a reliable source. The store brand may or may not be as reliable as a nationwide brand name. The organic poultry farmer may or may not provide a more tender chicken, although if bought at a farmer's market he or she may be able to guide you to a good choice.
Keep in mind that old chicken is tough chicken.In the United States, meat chickens are processed at only a few weeks old to ensure tender flesh. However, it is possible to cook older "stew hens" such as found on hobby farms or backyard coops. As the term suggests, stewing the meat is the suggested cooking technique, as the older flesh tends to be tougher.
Consider the cut of poultry used.Dark meat chicken contains more fat, and therefore can be rendered more moist and tender in dishes that work well with dark meat. Breast meat and other white meat tends to be a little tougher. However, if you use a good buttermilk marinade or a meat tenderizer, it can still turn out quite tender.
QuestionWhat is the maximum time I can keep the chicken in buttermilk?GrowingNanaCommunity AnswerYou can keep the chicken in the buttermilk as long as the chicken doesn't go bad. Keep it in a sealed container in the fridge.Thanks!
Short Video: How to Tenderize Chicken
- All other things equal, fresh chicken will be more tender and moist than frozen. Freezing breaks down cells in the meat, causing loss of moisture, which can mean a tougher bite later.
- Pounding chicken is often done with a mallet between two sheets of plastic wrap or waxed paper. However, zip top bags (with air pressed out) work best, and any heavy object will do, for example, a rolling pin would work fine.
- Commercial meat tenderizers may be tempting, but are unnecessary chemical additives if other steps are followed properly.
- The FDA recommends that chicken be cooked to 165 °F (74 °C) for safety. However, when roasting a whole chicken, remove it from the oven when your properly placed thermometer registers 155 degrees. Allowing the meat to sit under foil after removing will allow "carryover heat" to raise the internal temperature of the bird above the danger zone.
- Never eat raw or undercooked chicken.
- Defrost chicken in your refrigerator, not on the counter. If rapid defrost is desired, seal the chicken in a zip-top bag with all of the air squeezed out, and run under cold water in the sink.
Sources and Citations
Upload a picture for other readers to see.
In other languages:
Français: , Español: , Deutsch: , Português: , Italiano: , Русский: , 中文: , Čeština: , Nederlands: , العربية: , Tiếng Việt:
Video: Learn How Now: How to Prepare a Chicken Breast
How to Give Your Boyfriend Space
Watch these men read out horrible tweets sent to female sports presenters
How to Speak Tagalog
5 Foods That Will Make Your Skin Glow
This 89-Year-Old Grandmother Made the Most Beautiful Bridesmaid
For more on the benefits of pomegranate juice, check out this podcast or watch the video embedded below
Now Playing: The only piece of advice Anil Kapoor ever gave Harsh
How to Play EuroMillions
Adidas Pure Boost Trainers
Build an Allergy Support Network at Your Childs School
Men With Long Hair 2019
How to Deal With Your Parents’ Divorce
Mary Berry’s Treacle Pudding Recipe
How to Make Steamed Buns